ʻO ka emerald hanaʻaila hydrothermal

ʻO ka emerald hanaʻaila hydrothermal

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ʻO ka emerald hanaʻaila hydrothermal

E kūʻai i nā gemstones kūlohelohe i kā mākou hale kūʻai

ʻO ka emerald synthetic Hydrothermal ma muli o IG Farben, Nacken, Tairus, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe, akā ʻo ka huahana pāʻoihana maikaʻi loa ʻo Johann Lechleitner o Innsbruck, Austria, kahi i kū mai ma ka mākeke ma ka 1960. ʻO kēia mau pōhaku i kūʻai ʻia ma lalo o nā inoa "Emerita" a me "Symeralds", a ua ulu aʻe lākou ma kahi ʻāpana ʻāpana o ka emerald ma luna o nā pōhaku beryl mana kūlohelohe. Ma hope mai, mai 1965 a i 1970, hoʻokaʻawale kā Linde Division o Union Carbide i nā emeralds synthetic syntehy by syntother synt synt synt. Wahi a kā lākou mau paena (hoʻike ʻia iā EM Flanigen), he mea nui nā kūlana acid e pale i ka chromium (kahi i hoʻohana ʻia he colorant) mai ka honu. Eia nō hoʻi he mea nui ia e mālama ʻia i ka huaʻai i ka silika mai nā mea ʻē aʻe e pale ai i ka nucleation a e hoʻokūpaʻa i ka ulu ʻana i nā mea ʻala hua. Ke ulu nei ka ulu ʻana ma o kahi kaʻina-diffusion-ʻano, kōkua ʻia e convection.

ka hoʻohua

ʻO ka mea hana nui o nā emeralds hydrothermal i kēia lā ʻo Tairus i Lūkini, i hoʻopiʻi ʻia me ka hoʻopili ʻana i nā emeralds me ka hoʻopili ʻana i nā kemika e like me nā emeralds ma nā waihona alkaline ma Kolombia, a nona nā huahana i kapa ʻia ʻo "Colombian Created Emeralds" a i ʻole "Tairus Created Emeralds". Manaʻo ka Luminescence i ke kukui ultraviolet i hōʻike ʻia i ka hoʻāʻo ʻia i ka wā e hana ai i ka kūlohelohe kūlohelohe a synthetic, e like me ka poʻe he nui, akā ʻaʻole wale nō, he loko o ka mālamalama ʻokoʻa ka emeralds kūlohelohe. Nui synthetics he UV inert.

Nā emerald hana

Hoʻohālikelikeʻia nā emeralds i hanaʻia e like me ka "hana", no ka mea,ʻo ko lākou mea maʻamau a me ka likeʻana o ka mele me ko lākou mau mea maoli. He kānāwai koʻikoʻi ka US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) no ka mea hiki a me ka mea hikiʻole ke kapaʻia he "synthetic" pōhaku. Penei ka'ōlelo a ka FTC: "§ 23.23 (c) He kūponoʻole a hoʻopunipuni paha e hoʻohana i ka hua'ōlelo" laboratory-grown "," "laboratory-created," "hana," aiʻole ka "synthetic" me ka inoa o kekahi pōhaku maoli e wehewehe i kekahiʻoihana huahana koe ke loaʻaʻole kaʻano o nā huahanaʻoihana,ʻano, a me nā kinona e like me ka pōhaku i kapaʻia. "

ʻO ka emerald hanaʻaila hydrothermal

E kūʻai i nā gemstones kūlohelohe i kā mākou hale kūʻai

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