Tourmaline

tourmaline

Hana mākou i nā mea nani a me nā pōhaku tourmaline kala a i pōhaku elbaite paha, lei, apo, apo pepeiao, kūpeʻe lima a lei paha.

E kūʻai mai i ka turmaline kūlohelohe i kā mākou hale kūʻai


ʻO ka Tourmaline he mea nui ke kolekeʻaila. ʻO kekahi o nā māmā he mau alumina, hao, a magnesium paha, ka sodium, lithium, a pāhare pā. ʻO ka hoʻolālāʻana he pōhaku kumukū. hele mai ia ma nāʻanoʻokoʻa he nui.

ʻO ka Elbaite

ʻElua mau moʻo ʻo Elbaite, me ka dravite, me ka fluor-liddicoatite, a me ka schorl. Ma muli o kēia moʻo, ʻaʻole i loaʻa nā hiʻohiʻona me nā kumuhana endmember kūpono e kū maʻamau.

Ma ke ʻano he pōhaku makamae, he lālā makemake ʻia ka elbaite o ka hui tourmaline ma muli o ka ʻokoʻa a me ka hohonu o kona mau kala a me ke ʻano o nā aniani. ʻIke mua ʻia ma ka mokupuni ʻo Elba, ʻItalia i 1913, ua ʻike ʻia ia ma nā wahi he nui o ka honua. I ka makahiki 1994, ua loaʻa kahi wahi nui ma Kanada.

Hōʻike wikiō Tourmaline

ʻO ka hoʻonaʻauao

Wahi a ka Madras Tamil Lexicon, hele mai ka inoa mai ka huaʻōlelo Sinhalese "thoramalli", kahi hui o nā pōhaku makamae i loaʻa ma Sri Lanka. Wahi a ke kumu hoʻokahi, ʻo ka Tamil "tuvara-malli" mai ka huaʻōlelo Sinhalese. Hele mai kēia etymology mai nā puke wehewehe ʻōlelo maʻamau e like me ka Oxford English Dictionary.

mō'aukala

Ua lawe ʻia mai nā huakaʻi huakaʻi nani o Sri Lankan i Europe i nā mea he nui e ka Dutch East India Company e hōʻoluʻolu i kahi koi no nā curiosities a me nā gems. I kēlā manawa, ʻaʻole mākou i ʻike ʻo ka schorl a me ka tourmaline ka mineral like. Ma kahi o 1703 wale nō i ʻike ʻia ʻaʻole kekahi zircons kekahi mau momi kala. Ua kapa ʻia nā pōhaku i kekahi manawa ʻo "Ceylonese Magnet" no ka mea hiki ke ʻumeʻaka a laila kipaku i ka lehu wela ma muli o kāna mau pyroelectric. I ke kenekulia 19, ua hana ka polia i ka mālamalama me nā aniani e ka hoʻolei ʻana i nā kukuna ma luna o ka momona.

Hōʻailona hoʻomaʻemaʻe

I loko o kekahi mau gems, ka mea nui i ka pink i nā pōhaku ʻulaʻula, hiki i ka mālama wela ke hoʻomaikaʻi i ko lākou kala. Hiki i ka mālama wela ke mālama i ke kala o nā ʻulaʻula uliuli. ʻO ka hana me ka gamma-rays a me ke kālona paha hiki ke hoʻonui i ka kala ʻula i loko o ka manganese e pili kokoke ana i kahi kalaʻulaʻula. Kekahi kikoʻī o loko o kahi ʻike ʻole ʻia ma nā tourmalines, ʻaʻole ia i kēia manawa, ka hopena o ka waiwai. Hiki iā mākou ke hoʻomaikaʻi i ka maikaʻi o kekahi mau pōhaku, e like me ka gratio a me Paraiba Brazil, inā he nui nā hiʻohiʻona o nā pōhaku. Ma o kahi palapala hōʻoia. ʻO kahi turmaline i hana i ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa māmā, ʻo ia hoʻi Paraiba hoʻoneʻe, e ʻoi aku ka waiwai o ka mea ma mua o kahi pōhaku kūlohelohe.

Geology

ʻO nā Granite, nā pegmatites a me nā pōhaku metamorphic nā pōhaku maʻa no ka huliʻana, e like me ka schist a me ka māmohaku.

Ua loaʻa iā mākou Schorl a me nā mākaʻikaʻi liʻiliʻi waiwai nui o ka lithium a me ka pegmatite pāʻani. ʻO nāʻike a me nā maunu keʻano maʻalahi wale nō ka waihoʻana o nā tourmalines waiwai nui a me nā huakaʻi. He koleke kūpono. Hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa iā ia i nā kumukūʻai e like me nā momona i ka one a me ka conglomerate.

Localities

ʻO Brazil a meʻApelikaʻo ia nā kumu kumu o nā pōhaku. ʻO kekahi mea hana kiʻi kūpono no ka hoʻohanaʻana i ka maʻalahi mai Sri Lanka. Ma waho o Brazil; ʻO Tanzania,ʻo Nigeria hoʻi, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, a me Malawi nā kumu huakaʻi o ka tourmaline.

ʻO Tourmaline ka manaʻo a me nā pono hōʻola

ʻO ka ʻāpana aʻe i kahi ʻepekema a e pili ana i nā manaʻo moʻomeheu.

Hāpai ia i ka hilinaʻi iā ʻoe iho a hōʻemi i ka makaʻu. Hoʻopili ʻo Tourmaline i ka hoʻoulu, ke aloha, ke ahonui a me ka pōmaikaʻi. E kaulike ia i nā ʻaoʻao hema o ka lolo. Kōkua i ka hana paranoia, lanakila i ka dislexia a hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hoʻohui lima-maka.

Tourmaline ma lalo o microscope

NPP

He aha nā pono o ka tourmaline?

ʻIke ʻia ka pōhaku e kōkua i ka hoʻomaha ʻana i ke koʻikoʻi, hoʻonui i ka makaʻala noʻonoʻo, hoʻomaikaʻi i ka holo a hoʻoikaika i ka ʻōnaehana pale. He mea mana nui ia no ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā maʻi e pili ana i ka toxin.

He momi pipiʻi ʻo Tourmaline?

He pae nui loa ko ka waiwai. Hiki ke uku kumukūʻai nā ʻano maʻamau, akā hiki i nā kala rarer a me nā exotic ke kauoha i nā kumukūʻai kiʻekiʻe loa. ʻO ke ʻano pipiʻi a waiwai nui hoʻi ka neon-blue form i ʻike ʻole ʻia e ka inoa kalepa ʻo Paraiba tourmaline.

He aha ke kala o ka tourmaline?

He ʻano ʻokoʻa kona waihoʻoluʻu. ʻO nā pōhaku waiwai hao he ʻeleʻele i ka ʻeleʻele a i ka hohonu o ka eleele, ʻoiai he ʻeleʻele a melemele nā ​​ʻano momona e like me ka melemona, a me nā lei limeium momona e like me nā kala. kala ʻole ia.

Ehia nā kumukūʻai o ka tourmaline?

Kūleʻa ʻia kēia mau pōhaku multicolor me nā mea hōʻiliʻili a me nā hiʻohiʻona kiʻekiʻe e kūʻai aku ana no nā kumukūʻai ma kahi o $ 300 i $ 600 no kēlā me kēia carat. ʻO nā kala ʻē aʻe o nā pōhaku e ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka uku, akā ʻo nā mea maikaʻi me ke kala vivid hiki ke waiwai nui, keu hoʻi i nā nui nui.

ʻO wai ka mea hiki ke ʻaahu i ka pōhaku tourmaline?

ʻO nā pōhaku hānau no ka poʻe i hānau ʻia ma ʻOkakopa. Hāʻawi ʻia kekahi makana ma ka makahiki 8th o ka male. ʻO kēia ka lei tourmaline, nā apo, nā pendants, nā bangles,…

He aha ka hana a ka tourmaline no ka lauoho?

ʻO kahi mineral silicate boron aniani e kōkua i ka hana hoʻomālamalama ʻana i ka lauoho. Hoʻopuka ka pōhaku Tourmaline i nā iona maikaʻi ʻole e pale aku i nā iona maikaʻi i loaʻa i ka lauoho maloʻo a ʻino hoʻi. ʻO kēia ka hopena i ka lauoho lauoho. Kōkua ka pōhaku e sila i ka momona i kou lauoho a pale i ka wili

Hiki iā ʻoe ke komo i ka tourmaline i kēlā me kēia lā?

Me ka helu ma waena o 7 a me 7.5 ma ka pālākiō Mohs o ka paʻakikī mineral, hiki ke komo i ka lei tourmaline i kēlā me kēia lā, akā me ka akahele. Inā ʻoe kekahi e hana nui me kou mau lima, paipai mākou e hōʻalo i ke komo ʻana i nā apo e hoʻoliʻiliʻi i ka manawa kūpono e kuʻi iā ia i kahi mea paʻakikī. ʻO nā apo pepeiao, a me nā pendants he mau koho palekana inā makemake ʻoe e komo i nā mea hoʻonani i kēlā me kēia lā.

ʻO ke kala tourmaline hea ka maikaʻi?

ʻO nā kani ʻulaʻula, ʻulaʻula o ka ʻulaʻula, ka uliuli a me ka ʻōmaʻomaʻo ka mea nui i waiwai nui ʻia, akā ʻo ka ʻōmaʻomaʻo uila uila i nā aniani uliuli o ka halihali keleawe he mea ʻokoʻa ia aia lākou i kahi papa e lākou iho.

Pehea e hiki ai iā ʻoe ke haʻi i ka tourmaline wahaheʻe?

E nānā i kāu pōhaku ma lalo o ke kukui a me ka mālamalama. Hoʻololi nā pōhaku makamae i kahi waihoʻoluʻu liʻiliʻi ma lalo o ke kukui kūpili, e hōʻike ana i kahi leo pouli. Inā ʻaʻole hōʻike kāu pōhaku i kēia leo lalo ke hōʻike ʻia i ke kukui ʻino, a laila ʻaʻole ʻoe e nānā i kahi tourmaline a elbaite paha.

He aha ka mana o ka tourmaline?

Hiki i ka waiwai piezoelectric o ka pōhaku ke kōkua i ka polarize i ka naʻau o ka poʻe a me ka ikaika me ka hoʻoili uila uila e ʻike ʻia ke ʻānai ʻia a aniani ʻia ke aniani.

Maʻalahi paha e haki ka tourmaline?

He 7 a 7.5 ma ka pālākiō Mohs no laila ʻaʻole maʻalahi e haki. Akā aia nā wahi o ka haunaele i loko o ke aniani e hiki ai iā ia ke uha, akā hiki ke hana ʻia kēia i ka wā e hana ana nā mea hoʻonaninani i ka pōhaku.

Pehea ʻoe e hoʻomaʻemaʻe ai i ka tourmaline?

Mahana, wai kopa ka hana ʻoi loa no ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe. ʻAʻole koi ʻia ka hoʻohana ʻana o nā mea hoʻomaʻemaʻe ultrasonic a me nā mahu.

Kūʻai i ka tourmaline maoli i kā mākou hale kūʻai gem

Hana mākou i nā mea nani a me nā pōhaku tourmaline kala a i pōhaku elbaite paha, lei, apo, apo pepeiao, kūpeʻe lima a lei paha.