Gemological Institute o Cambodia

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Ke Daimana Hope

ʻO ka Hope Diamond kahi diamona polū 45.52 carat. ʻO ka daimana polū nui loa i ʻike ʻia a hiki i kēia lā. Hope ʻo ia ka inoa o ka ʻohana nāna ia nona mai 1824. He daimana recut ia mai ka “ʻO Bleu de France". ʻO ka lei aliʻi i ʻaihue ʻia i ka makahiki 1792. Ua ʻeli ʻia ma India. He kūlana maikaʻi ko ka Hope Diamond ma ke ʻano he daimana hōʻino ʻia, ʻoiai ua ʻike kekahi o kāna mau mea nona ka hopena i kahi hopena pilikia, a me ka hopena weliweli hoʻi. I kēia lā aia ia i waena o nā hōʻike i ka National Museum of Natural History ma Wakinekona, DC, ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa.
Hope Diamond kumu kūʻai i ka mōʻaukala | ʻO ka hōʻino a Diamond | Hope Diamond waiwai

Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ia ma ke ʻano he daimana ʻAno IIb.

Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka daimana i ka nui a me ke ʻano i ka hua manu nūnū, ka wōnati, ʻo ia ka "pea like". ʻO nā ana e pili ana i ka lōʻihi, ka laulā, a me ka hohonu 25.60 mm × 21.78 mm × 12.00 mm (1 ma × 7/8 ma × 15/32 i).

Ua wehewehe ʻia ma ke ʻano he uliuli hina hina hina "a me" ʻeleʻele uliuli i ke kala "a i ʻole he kala" steely-blue ".

Hōʻike ka pōhaku i kahi ʻano luminescence ikaika a kala ikaika hoʻi: ma hope o ke kū ʻana i ke kukui ultraviolet nalu pōkole, hoʻopuka ka daimana i kahi phosphorescence ʻulaʻula i kū mau no kekahi manawa ma hope o ka pio ʻana o ke kumu kukui, a ua kōkua paha kēia ʻano ʻano ʻē hoʻoulu i kona kūlana o ka hōʻino ʻia.

ʻO VS1 ka maopopo.

ʻO ka ʻokiʻoki kahi cushion antic bright me kahi kāʻei alo a me nā helehelena keu ma ka pavilion.

mō'aukala

Wā Palani

Ua hoʻihoʻi ʻia ka daimana i Farani e ka mea huakaʻi ʻo Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, nāna i kūʻai aku iā King Louis XIV. ʻO ka kaao o ka daimana, i hōʻike hou ʻia, ua ʻaihue ʻia ka pōhaku mai kahi kiʻi o ke akua wahine ʻo Sitâ. Akā he moʻolelo ʻokoʻa loa i hiki ke huli ʻia ma 2007 e François Farges o ka Muséum national d'histoire naturelle ma Palisa: ua kūʻai ʻia ka daimana e Tavernier, ma ka mākeke daimana nui ma Golconde, i kona wā i hele ai i India ma lalo o ka Mughal Empire. Ua ʻike pū kekahi nā kānaka noiʻi mai ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike Kūlohelohe i ka pūnaewele o ka mine kahi i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻomaka ana ka daimana a aia ma ke kūkulu ʻākau o kēia lā ʻo Andhra Pradesh. ʻO ka kuhiakau ʻelua e pili ana i ke kumu o ka daimana e hōʻike ʻia e nā waihona Mughal o Hyderabad. Makemake kekahi mau lono e hōʻino ʻia ka Diamond daimana a pepehi i ka poʻe i loaʻa iā ia: Ua pau ʻo Tavernier i ka ʻai ʻia e nā holoholona hihiu, ma hope o ka luku ʻia ʻana, i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ua make wale ʻo ia i ka wā ʻelemakule ma Moscow, i ka 84 o kona ola. Ua ʻoki ʻia ʻo Louis XIV i ka momi, a mai 112.5 a 67.5 carats, a ua kapa ʻia ka daimana i loaʻa iā "Violet de France" (i ka ʻōlelo Pelekania: French Blue, no laila ka deformation o ka inoa o kēia manawa).

I Kepakemapa 1792, ua ʻaihue ʻia ka daimana mai ka waihona o nā lako pono aupuni i ka ʻaihue ʻia o nā mea kalaunu o Palani. Haʻalele ka daimana a me kāna poʻe ʻaihue iā Farani no ʻEnelani. Ua kūʻai ʻia ka pōhaku ma laila e kūʻai maʻalahi aku a ua nalowale kāna kahawai a hiki i ka 1812, iwakālua mau makahiki a me ʻelua mau lā ma hope o ka ʻaihue, lawa ka manawa e kuhikuhi ʻia ai.

Wā Pelekania

Ma kahi o 1824, ua kūʻai ʻia ka pōhaku, ka mea i ʻoki mua ʻia e ka mea kālepa a me ka mea loaʻa iā Daniel Eliason, iā Thomas Hope, ka mea mālama kālā ma Ladana, kahi lālā o kahi laina waiwai nāna ka waihona ʻo Hope & Co., a i make i ka makahiki 1831. La ʻO ka pōhaku ke kumuhana o ka ʻinikua ola i kākau inoa ʻia e kāna kaikaina, ʻo ia iho kahi mea hōʻiliʻili gem, ʻo Henry Philip Hope, a lawe ʻia e ka wahine kāne make a Thomas, ʻo Louisa de la Poer Beresford. Ke waiho nei i ka lima o ka Hope, lawe ke daimana i ko lākou inoa a ʻike ʻia ma ka papa inoa o Henry Philip ma hope o kona make ʻana (me ka ʻole o nā pua) ma 1839.

ʻO ke keiki hiapo a Thomas Hope, ʻo Henry Thomas Hope (1807-1862), ua hoʻoilina ia: ua hōʻike ʻia ka pōhaku ma Ladana i ka makahiki 1851 i ka wā o ka Exhibition Nui, a laila ma Palisa, i ka wā o ka hōʻike 1855. , male i kekahi Henry Pelham-Clinton (1861-1834) ka makuakāne o kahi keikikāne: akā makaʻu ʻo Henrietta e hoʻoweliweli kāna keiki kāne i ka waiwai o ka ʻohana, no laila hana ʻo ia i "kahu" a hoʻoili i ka pierre i kāna moʻopuna ponoʻī, ʻo Henry Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton (1879-1866). Ua hoʻoilina ia i ka makahiki 1941 ma ke ʻano o ka ʻinikua ola; hiki iā ia ke hoʻokaʻawale iā ia iho mai ka pōhaku wale nō me ka ʻae ʻana o ka ʻaha a me ka papa kahu. Noho ʻo Henry Francis ma mua o kāna mau mea a lilo i hapa i ka panakalupa o kona ʻohana ma 1887. ʻO kāna wahine, ka mea hana keaka ʻo May Yohé (i), hāʻawi wale no i kā lākou mau pono. I ka manawa a ka ʻaha i hoʻomaʻemaʻe ai iā ia e kūʻai aku i ka pōhaku e kōkua i ka uku ʻana i kāna mau ʻaiʻē, i ka makahiki 1897, ua haʻalele ʻo Mei me kekahi kāne ʻē aʻe no ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa. Ua kūʻai hou aku ʻo Henry Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton i ka pōhaku i ka makahiki 1901 iā Lākana Adolphe Weil, ka mea hoʻoulu waiwai ma Ladana, nāna i kūʻai aku i ia mea i ka mea kālepa ʻAmelika ʻo Simon Frankel no $ 1902

ʻAmelika ʻAmelika

ʻO nā mea nona ka hope o Hope i ke kenekulia iwakālua ʻo Pierre Cartier, ke keiki a ke kahuna kaulana kaulana ʻo Alfred Cartier (mai 1910 a 1911) nāna i kūʻai aku iā ia no 300,000 kālā iā Evalyn Walsh McLean. ʻO ia ka waiwai mai 1911 a hiki i kona make ʻana i 1947, a laila lilo ia iā Harry Winston i ka makahiki 1949, nāna i hāʻawi manawaleʻa i ka Ke Kula Nui ʻo Smithsonian i Wakinekona i ka makahiki 1958. I mea e hiki ai i ka lawe ʻana i ka pōhaku ke akahele a palekana paha, hiki iā Winston ke hoʻouna iā Smithsonian ma ka leka, i kahi ʻāpana liʻiliʻi i ʻūlū ʻia i ka pepa kraft. Ke waiho nei ka daimana uliuli nui loa i ʻike ʻia a hiki i kēia lā, ʻike ʻia ke daimana i ke keʻena kaulana, kahi e pōmaikaʻi ai mai kahi lumi mālama ʻia: ʻo ia ka lua o nā mea noʻeau i mahalo nui ʻia ma ka honua (ʻeono miliona mau malihini kipa makahiki) ma hope o ka Mona Lisa ma ka Louvre (ʻewalu miliona mau malihini kipa makahiki).

NPP

Ua hōʻino ʻia ka Diamond Diamond?

ka daimana noho me ka ʻohana aliʻi Farani a hiki i ka ʻaihue ʻia i 1792 i ka wā o ka French Revolution. ʻO Louis XIV lāua ʻo Marie Antoinette, nā mea i ʻoki ʻia i ke poʻo, i ʻōlelo pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he poʻe ʻino nā poino. ka Daimana lana ʻo ia ka mea kaulana loa daimana hōʻino ʻia i ka honua, akā hoʻokahi wale nō ia o nā mea he nui.

ʻO wai ka mea nona kēia manawa ka Hope Diamond?

ʻO ka Smithsonian Institution a me ka poʻe o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa. ʻO ka Smithsonian Institution, kahi i ʻike maʻalahi ʻia ʻo Smithsonian, kahi hui o nā hale hōʻikeʻike a me nā kikowaena noiʻi e lawelawe ʻia e ke aupuni o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa.

Aia ka Diamond i ka Hope ma ka Titanic?

ʻO ka Puʻuwai o ka Moana i ke kiʻi ʻoniʻoni Titanic ʻaʻole ia he ʻāpana o nā mea nani, akā makemake nui ʻia naʻe. Hoʻokumu ʻia ka mea nani ma luna o ka daimana maoli, ka 45.52 carat Hope Diamond.

He sapeiro ka Hope Lani?

ʻAʻole ka lapalapa Hope kahi sapeiro akā ʻo ka daimana polū nui loa.

Hōʻike ʻiʻo ka Diamond Diamond

Ae' o ia nō. ʻO ka Hope Diamond maoli kahi ʻāpana o ka waihona paʻa paʻa o ka hale hōʻikeʻike a hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma ka National Museum of Natural History ma Wakinekona, DC, ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa. I loko o ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Harry Winston, i kapa ʻia no ka mea kāhiko ma Nu Ioka nāna i hāʻawi ka makana i ka hale hōʻikeʻike.

He aha ka waiwai o ka daimana Hope i kēia lā?

ʻO ka Blue Hope Diamond kahi pōhaku polū nani me kahi moʻolelo hoihoi. I kēia mau lā, he 45,52 carat ke kaupaona ʻana o kēia daimana a he $ 250 miliona mau kālā.

meaValue
ʻO ke kumu kūʻai daimana lana i ka makahiki 1653ʻO Jean-Baptiste TavernierNā Nūkini 450000
ʻO ke kumu kūʻai daimana lana i ka makahiki 1901ʻO Adolph Weil, ka mea kālepa mea nani ʻo Ladana$ 148,000
ʻO ke kumu kūʻai daimana lana i ka makahiki 1911ʻO Edward Beale McLean lāua ʻo Evalyn Walsh McLean$ 180,000
ʻO ke kumu kūʻai daimana lana i ka makahiki 1958Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Smithsonian$ 200- $ 250 miliona

Ua hoʻāʻo paha kekahi e ʻaihue i ka Diamond Diamond?

Ma Kepakemapa 11, 1792, ua ʻaihue ʻia ka Hope Diamond mai ka hale e mālama ana i nā mea lei aliʻi. Haʻalele ka daimana a me kāna poʻe ʻaihue iā Farani no ʻEnelani. Ua kūʻai ʻia ka pōhaku ma laila e kūʻai maʻalahi aku a ua nalowale ke ala a hiki i ka 1812

Aia kekahi māhoe i ka Diamond Diamond?

ʻO ka hiki i nā diamona ʻo Brunswick Blue a me Pirie paha he mau kaikuahine nā pōhaku no ka Hope he ʻano manaʻo aloha akā ʻaʻole ia he ʻoiaʻiʻo.

No ke aha ke kumu kūʻai o ke dālā Hope?

ʻO ke kala polū ʻokoʻa o ka Daimana Hope ke kumu nui e manaʻoʻiʻo ai ka hapa nui o nā kānaka he kumukūʻai. ʻO nā daimana kala ʻole ʻoiaʻiʻo, he kākaʻikahi loa ia a hoʻomaha i hoʻokahi-hopena o kahi pae kala. Ma ka hopena ʻē aʻe he mau daimana melemele.

ʻO ka Hope Diamond ka diamona nui loa ma ka honua?

ʻO ia ka daimana polū ʻoi loa ma ka honua. Akā ʻo ka Diamond Jubilee Gula, he daimana ʻeleʻele 545.67 carat, ʻo ia ka mea ʻoki nui loa a me ka helehelena i ka honua.

kikowaena: Maʻiʻo ua hoomaluia !!