He mau minera kekona?

He mau minera kekona?

ʻO ka mineral he mea hana maʻamau ia, i ka manawa maʻamau o ka formal crystalline aʻaʻole i huaʻia e nā hana ola. ʻO ka mineral he hoʻokahiʻano mele maoli, akāʻo ka pōhaku ke hōʻiliʻiliʻia o nā minela likeʻole. ʻO kaʻikeʻepekema o nā mineralā he hanaʻokoʻa.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā pōhaku makamae he minerals

He ʻano kino ko nā Minelala. Depsnds kā lākou wehewehe ʻana i kā lākou hanana kemika a me kā lākou haku ʻana. ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona ʻokoʻa e pili ana i ke ʻano aniani a me ka maʻamau, a me ka paʻakikī, alohilohi, diaphaneity, kala, kahakaha, paʻa, paʻa, haʻi, hoʻokaʻawale, umekaumaha, magnetism, ʻono a ʻaʻala paha, radioactivity, a me ka hopena i ka waikawa.

Ke kumu o nā pōhaku'enela: Quartz, diamond, corrundum, beryl, ...

kemikala gemstones

He mea nui e hoʻokaʻawale i waena o nā pōhaku nani, a me nā hōʻailona a iʻole nā ​​kiʻi maʻalahi.

Kū like ke kino, nā optically a me nā kemika i nā pōhaku kūlohelohe, akā i hana ʻia i kahi hale hana. I ka maket kalepa, hoʻohana pinepine nā mea kūʻai aku gemstones i ka inoa "lab hana". Hana ia i ka pōhaku synthetic ʻoi aku ke kūʻai aku ma mua o ka "hale hana hana".

Keʻano o nā pōhaku mahalo: Synthetic corrundum, diamond synthetic, quartz synthetic, ...

Nā pōhaku i haku ʻia

ʻO nā laʻana o nā pōhaku ʻĀpana e komo pū me ka cubic zirconia, i haku ʻia o zirconium oxide a me moissanite simulate, ʻo ia hoʻi nā simulants gemstones ʻelua. Kope kope i nā hiʻohiʻona a me ke kala o ka pōhaku maoli akā ʻaʻole i loaʻa i ko lākou kemika a me ko lākou ʻano kino. Loaʻa ʻo Moissanite i kahi papa kuhikuhi kiʻekiʻe ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe ma mua o ke daimana a ke hōʻike ʻia ma ka ʻaoʻao o kahi kaulike a ʻoki ʻia ka diamona e ʻoi aku ka "ahi" ma mua o ka diamona.

pohaku

He pōhaku maoli ka pōhaku, kahi'āpana o hoʻokahi aʻoi aku paha o nā mineral a me nā mineraloids. ʻO kekahi laʻana,ʻo Lapis lazuli he pōhaku makamae hohonu metamorphic. ʻO kona hoʻohālikeʻana he pōhaku kūpono. ʻO ka mea nui kohu nui o ka lapis lazuli he lazurite (25% a 40%), he mineral silicate kāpili.

Nā pōhaku pōhaku

He nui nāʻano mea kanu i hoʻohanaʻia me nā pōhaku, e like me:
ʻO Amber, Ammolite, Bona, Copal, Coral, Ivory, Jet, Nacre,'Operculum, Pearl, Petoskey pōhaku

ʻO ka mineraloids

ʻO kahi mineraloid he meaʻokoʻa me ke kolekeʻole e hōʻikeʻole i ka crystallinl. Laweʻia ka Mineraloids i nā meaʻokoʻa eʻoi aʻe ma mua o nā paeʻaelike iʻaeʻia no nā minela. ʻO kekahi laʻana, obsidian he'ōmole amorphos aʻaʻoleʻo ke aniani. Ua loaʻa mai ka Jet mai nā lāʻau palahalaha ma lalo o ka hoʻonomi nui. ʻO Opal kahi mineraloid ma muli o konaʻanoʻanoʻole.

Hanaʻia nā mineraloids

Ke kīʻaha i hanaʻia e ke kanaka, he paʻi, ...

kikowaena: Maʻiʻo ua hoomaluia !!