He aha nā hale hānau?

Ke hōʻike aku nei mākou iāʻoe,ʻaʻole nā ​​mea e pili ana i kahi hānau hānau. No laila, haʻalele mākou i ke kahua o ka noʻonoʻo hauā.
Nui nā lāhui i kēia kumuhana, no laila, eia nā hopena o kā mākou noiʻiʻana e hāʻawi i ka hōʻike pololei loa o nā hānau hānau.

Nā pōhaku hānau | Ianuali | Pepeluali | Malaki | ʻApelila | Mei | Iune | Iulai | ʻAukake | Kepakemapa | ʻOkakopa | Nowemapa | Kekemapa

nā hānau hānau

ʻO ka pōhaku hānau he pōhaku makamae e hōʻike ana i ka mahina hānau o ke kanaka.

Keʻano o Western

Ua manaʻoʻiʻo ka mea kākau moʻolelo Iudaio mua ʻo Josephus he pilina ma waena o nā pōhaku he ʻumikūmālua i loko o ka pale umauma o ʻAʻarona. Ke kuhikuhi nei i nā ʻohana o ka ʻIseraʻela, e like me ka mea i wehewehe ʻia ma ka puke o Exodus. ʻO nā mahina he ʻumikūmālua o ka makahiki, a ʻo nā hōʻailona hōʻailona hoʻi o ka Zodiac.

ʻO nā unuhi a me nā unuhi o ka paukū ma Exodus e pili ana i ka pale umauma i laha ākea. Hāʻawi ʻo Josephus iā ia i ʻelua papa inoa ʻokoʻa no nā pōhaku he ʻumikūmālua. Ua ʻōlelo ʻo George Kunz ua ʻike ʻo Josephus i ka pale umauma o ka lua o ka luakini, ʻaʻole ka mea i hōʻike ʻia ma Exodus. ʻO St. Jerome, e kuhikuhi ana iā Josephus, ua ʻōlelo ʻo Stones Stones o ka Ierusalema Hou e kūpono i nā Karistiano e hoʻohana ai.

I ke kenekulia ʻewalu a me ka ʻeiwa, ua kākau ʻia nā kuʻikahi hoʻomana e pili ana i kekahi pōhaku me ka ʻānela, i kākau ʻia ko lākou inoa ma nā Pōhaku Foundation, a me kona maikaʻi. Ua lilo ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa i ka mālama ʻana he ʻumikūmālua mau pōhaku a ʻaukā hoʻokahi i ka mahina.

ʻO ke ʻano o ke kau ʻana i ka pōhaku hānau he mau kenekulia wale nō ia, akā ʻokoʻa nā luna o kēia au i nā lā. Hoʻonohonoho ʻo Kunz i ke ʻano ma Polenekia ʻumikūmāwalu kenekulia, ʻoiai ʻo Gemological Institute o ʻAmelika e hoʻomaka nei i Kelemania i nā 1560

ʻAʻole pili iki nā papa inoa o nā hānau hānau i nā pale umauma a i ʻole nā ​​Foundation Stones of Christian. ʻO nā ʻono, nā loina a me nā unuhi huikau ka mea i hoʻokaʻawale iā lākou mai kā lākou kumu mōʻaukala, me kahi mea kākau e kapa ana i ka papa inoa ʻo 1912 Kansas "ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe o kahi kūʻai kumu ʻole."

Nā hānau hānau kahiko

ʻO nā pōhaku hānau kahiko kahiko nā hale hānau hānau. ʻO ka papa ma lalo iho he mau pōhaku he mau koho maʻamau, pinepine i ka hoʻomanaʻo i nā kuʻuna Polani.

Aia kekahi mau mele e like me kēlā me kēia mahina o ka kalena Gregorian me kahi pōhaku hānau. ʻO kēia nā pōhaku kuʻuna o nā hui ʻōlelo Pelekania. Ua hoʻopuka ʻo Tiffany & Co. i kēia mau mele no ka manawa mua i kahi puke liʻiliʻi i ka makahiki 1870.

Nā hānau hānau hou

Ma ka 1912, i ka ho'āʻoʻana e hoʻolālā i nā hale hānau, ua hui kaʻAmelika Hui Pūʻali o nā Jewelers, i kapaʻiaʻo Iewelers oʻAmelika, i Kansas a hoʻopaʻaʻia i kahi papa inoa. Ua hoʻokumuʻia ka papa inoa o ka Hui Hana Kūikawā o Amelika i ka papa inoa ma ka 1952 ma o ka hoʻohuiʻana iā Alexandrite i ka mahinaʻo Iune, citrine Noema a māʻele tourmaline no ʻOkakopa.

Ua pani lākou i ka lapis o Kēkēmapa me zircon a hoʻololi i nā pōhaku mua / koho no Malaki. Ua hoʻokumu pūʻia ka HuiʻAmelika Gem tanzanite i ka lā hānauʻo Dekemaba ma 2002. Ma ka 2016, hui pūʻia ka American Gem Trade Association a me nā mea hoʻokupuʻo Amelika spinel ma ke ʻano he hānau hānau hou no ʻAukake.

Ua hoʻokumu pū ka hui o nā Goldsmiths o Britain i kā lākou papa inoa maʻamau o nā hānau hānau ma 1937.

Nā Kuʻuna hikina

ʻIke nā moʻomeheu hikina i kahi ʻano like o nā pōhaku e pili ana i ka hānau ʻana, ʻoiai ma mua o ka hoʻohui ʻana i kahi pōhaku me ka mahina hānau, pili nā pōhaku me nā kino lani, a ua hoʻohana ʻia ka hōkū e hoʻoholo ai i nā pōhaku nui e pili pono ana a e pono ai kekahi kanaka.

ʻO kahi laʻana, ma ka Hindu he ʻeiwa mau pōhaku ma Navagraha. ʻO nā pūʻali lani me nā panakō, a me ka lā, a me ka mahina, i ʻike ʻia ma Sanskrit ʻo Navaratna (ʻeiwa mau gems).

I ka wā hānau, helu ʻia kekahi pakuhi astrological. Paipai ʻia kekahi mau pōhaku e hoʻokomo ʻia ma ke kino e pale aku ai i nā pilikia kūpono. Ma muli o kahi o kēia mau pūʻali i ka lani ma kahi a me ka manawa hānau pono.

Nā hānau ma waena o nā moʻomeheu

Mahina 15th - Kenekulia 20 US (1912) US (2016) Pelekania (2013)
Ianuali garnet garnet garnet garnet
Pepeluali 'ametuseto, hyacinth,
momi
'ametuseto 'ametuseto 'ametuseto
Malaki ke koko, iasepi ke koko,
aquamarine
aquamarine,
ke koko
aquamarine,
ke koko
ʻApelila diamond, he sapeiro daimana daimana diamond, pohaku aniani
Mei omaomaoʻula omaomao omaomao omaomaochrysoprase
Iune maka o ka pōpoki,
'ōmaʻomaʻoʻula
momimoonstone momimoonstone,
alexandrite
momimoonstone
Iulai 'ōmaʻomaʻoonika Rubi Rubi ka ruby, carnelian
ʻAukake sardonyxcarnelian, moonstone, topazo sardonyxperidot peridotspinel peridotsardonyx
Kepakemapa kapila he sapeiro he sapeiro he sapeirolapa
ʻOkakopa Opalaquamarine Opaltourmaline Opaltourmaline Opal
Nowemapa topazomomi topazo topazocitrine topazocitrine
Kekemapa pōhaku koko, rubi 'ōmaʻomaʻolapa 'ōmaʻomaʻozircon,
tanzanite
tanzanite'ōmaʻomaʻo