He aha nā hale hānau?

Ke hōʻike aku nei mākou iāʻoe,ʻaʻole nā ​​mea e pili ana i kahi hānau hānau. No laila, haʻalele mākou i ke kahua o ka noʻonoʻo hauā.
Nui nā lāhui i kēia kumuhana, no laila, eia nā hopena o kā mākou noiʻiʻana e hāʻawi i ka hōʻike pololei loa o nā hānau hānau.

Nā Kamaliʻi | Ianuali | Pepeluali | Malaki | ʻApelila | Mei | Iune | Iulai | ʻAukake | Kepakemapa | ʻOkakopa | Nowemapa | Kekemapa

nā hānau hānau

ʻO ka pōhaku hānau he pōhaku makamae e kū ana i ka malama hānau o kahi kanaka.

Keʻano o Western

Ua manaʻo ka mea kākau moʻolelo Iudaio,ʻo Iosepaus, he pilina ma waena o nā pōhaku heʻumikumamālua i ka pale umauma oʻAʻarona. Eʻike ana i nāʻohana o kaʻIseraʻela, e like me ka mea i kākauʻia ma ka puke o Exodus. Nā mahina heʻumikumamālua o ka makahiki, a me nā hōʻailona heʻumikumamālua o ka zodiac. ʻO nā unuhi a me nā weheweheʻana o ka paukū i loko o Exodus e pili ana i ka pale umauma ua likeʻole ka nui. Ua hāʻawiʻo Josephus i nā papa inoaʻelua no nā pōhaku heʻumikumamālua. Ua'ōleloʻo George Kunz eʻikeʻo Iosepa iā ia i ka pale umauma o ka Hale Elua,ʻaʻoleʻo ka mea i ho'ākākaʻia ma ka Exodus. Ua'ōleloʻo St. Jerome, e kākau ana iā Josephus, e kūpono ana nā pōhaku hōʻailona o ka New Jerusalem e pono i nā Karistiano e hoʻohana.

I ka makahikiʻewalu a me ka iwa, ua kākauʻia nā kuʻikahi pule e hui pū ana i kekahi pōhaku me kahiʻekalesia, i "kākauʻia ko lākou inoa ma nā pōhaku Foundation, a me kona pono." Ua liloʻo Practice i mau pōhaku heʻumikumamālua a kau hoʻokahi i ka malama. ʻO keʻano o ka hoʻokomoʻana i kahi pōhaku hānau hoʻokahi he mau kenekulia wale nō ia,ʻoiai nā mana hou o kēia ao hou i nā lā. Ua hoʻonohonohoʻo Kunz i ka hana maʻamau i ka makahikiʻumikumamāwalu haneli, i ka hoʻomakaʻana o ke Keʻena Pūnaewele oʻAmelika i Germany ma nā 1560s.

ʻO ka papa inoa o nā hale hānau he mea piliʻole i ka pale umauma a iʻole nā ​​Kaupapa Foundation o ke Kristiano. ʻO nā'eneke, nā kuʻuna a me nā unuhi pilikino ua hoʻokaʻawale iā lākou mai ko lākou mau mea i kākau ai, me kahi mea kākau e kapa nei i ka list "1912 Kansas" he mea'ē aʻe wale nō.

Nā hānau hānau kahiko

ʻO nā pōhaku hānau kahiko kahiko nā hale hānau hānau. ʻO ka papa ma lalo iho he mau pōhaku he mau koho maʻamau, pinepine i ka hoʻomanaʻo i nā kuʻuna Polani.

Aia nā poʻomanaʻo e pili pū me kēlā me kēia mahina o ke kalena Gregorian me kahi pōhaku hānau. ʻO kēia nā'ōlohelohe mau o nā poʻe'ōlelo Pelekāne. Ua hoʻopukaʻo Tiffany & Co. i kēia mau poem no ka manawa mua i loko o kekahi puke ma 1870.

Nā hānau hānau hou

Ma ka 1912, i ka ho'āʻoʻana e hoʻolālā i nā hale hānau, ua hui kaʻAmelika Hui Pūʻali o nā Jewelers, i kapaʻiaʻo Iewelers oʻAmelika, i Kansas a hoʻopaʻaʻia i kahi papa inoa. Ua hoʻokumuʻia ka papa inoa o ka Hui Hana Kūikawā o Amelika i ka papa inoa ma ka 1952 ma o ka hoʻohuiʻana iā Alexandrite i ka mahinaʻo Iune, citrine Noema a māʻele tourmaline noʻOkakopa. Ua pani hou lākou i nā lapis o Dekemapa zircon a hoʻololi i nā pōhaku mua / koho no Malaki. Ua hoʻokumu pūʻia ka HuiʻAmelika Gem tanzanite i ka lā hānauʻo Dekemaba ma 2002. Ma ka 2016, hui pūʻia ka American Gem Trade Association a me nā mea hoʻokupuʻo Amelika spinel he pōhaku hānau houʻoʻAukake. Ua hoʻokumu pū ka Hui Pūʻali Hui Pūʻali o British no nā Goldsmiths i kā lākou iho papa inoa kūlana hānau i 1937.

Nā Kuʻuna hikina

ʻO ka moʻomeheu hikina keʻike i kahiʻano likeʻole o nā pōhaku nui e pili ana i ka hānauʻana, akā ma mua o ka hoʻohuiʻana i kahi kelepona me ka hānau hānau, ua pili nā pōhaku i nā kino selesona, a ua hoʻohanaʻia kaʻike kilokilo no ka hoʻoholoʻana i nā pōhaku nui e pili pū ana me ka waiwai i kekahi. Eia kekahi laʻana, i ka Hinduism he mau pōhakuʻeiwa ma Navagraha. ʻO nā pūʻali o ka Lani me nā hōkū, a me ka lā, a me ka mahina, iʻikeʻia i ka Sanskrit e like me Navaratna (ʻeiwa mau pōhaku). Ma ka hānauʻana, ua helu pūʻia kekahi palapala hōʻailona. Ponoʻia kekahi mau pōhaku e komo i ke kino e pale i nā pilikia kūpono. Ma muli o kahi o kēia mau pūʻali i ka lewa i kahi a me kahi manawa hānau.

Nā hānau ma waena o nā moʻomeheu

Mahina15th - 20 centuryUS (1912)US (2016)Pelekania (2013)
Ianualigarnetgarnetgarnetgarnet
Pepeluali'ametuseto, hyacinth,
momi
'ametuseto'ametuseto'ametuseto
Malakike koko, iasepike koko,
aquamarine
aquamarine,
ke koko
aquamarine,
ke koko
ʻApeliladiamond, he sapeirodaimanadaimanadiamond, pohaku aniani
Meiomaomao, ʻulaomaomaoomaomaoomaomao, chrysoprase
Iuneka maka maka,
'ōmaʻomaʻo, ʻula
momi, moonstonemomi, moonstone,
alexandrite
momi, moonstone
Iulai'ōmaʻomaʻo, onikaRubiRubika ruby, carnelian
ʻAukakesardonyx, carnelian, moonstone, topazosardonyx, peridotperidot, spinelperidot, sardonyx
Kepakemapakapilahe sapeirohe sapeirohe sapeiro, lapa
ʻOkakopaOpal, aquamarineOpal, tourmalineOpal, tourmalineOpal
Nowemapatopazo, momitopazotopazo, citrinetopazo, citrine
Kekemapake koko, ruby'ōmaʻomaʻo, lapa'ōmaʻomaʻo, zircon,
tanzanite
tanzanite, 'ōmaʻomaʻo

kikowaena: Maʻiʻo ua hoomaluia !!